Windows 10 System Commands

By André Faust

System commands are commands that can be run from the command prompt or in linux terminology Terminal. the Commands to be similar to DOS. DOS before the days of Windows was standalone operating which was initialized with command.com.

The early programs under DOS the visual interface was dependent on A.S.C.I.I. ( American Standard Code for Information Interchange) characters for the visual appearance. in figure 1 show is a screen shot of word Perfect 5.1. As can be seen the graphics are low quality compared to what we have today.

Wordperfect
Fig 1 WordPerect

In 1993 Microsoft deployed Windows 3.1 Fig 2. it was one of the GUI (Graphic User Interface),e however it was almost Identical to the Mac Classic. Apple launched a lawsuit against Microsoft which dragged on for years..

Windows3im
Fig 2. Microsoft Windows 3.1

DOS (Disk Operating System) was still then OS (Operating System) with Windows 3.1 running on top of it. 1995 was the release date for Windows 95, in 98 Windows 98 introduced into the market, in 99 Windows 98 SE deployed to the consumer market.

All three versions of Windows 9x sere still running on top of DOS the change came with windows millennium in 2000 where Microsoft change the architecture of the Operating system to incorporate DOS in the architecture. the result is that DOS and the windows operating system are the same.

While on the surface the commands may look like DOS, it isn’t. No longer the operating system separate form the windows kernel

Fig 3 is Windows 10 with the command prompt, will it may look like dos commands it isn’t

Windows-10-site
Fig 3. Windows 10 with the terminal window open

Below are all the command prompt commands, some of the commands will work with earlier Window versions, but not all.


System Commands Description
ASSOC
Displays or modifies file extension associations.
ATTRIB
Displays or changes file attributes.
BREAK
Sets or clears extended CTRL+C checking.
BCDEDIT Sets
properties in boot database to control boot loading.
CACLS
Displays or modifies access control lists (ACLs) of
files.
CALL
Calls one batch program from another.
CD
Displays the name of or changes the current directory.
CHCP
Displays or sets the active code page number.
CHDIR
Displays the name of or changes the current directory.
CHKDSK
Checks a disk and displays a status report.
CHKNTFS Displays
or modifies the checking of disk at boot time.
CLS
Clears the screen.
CMD
Starts a new instance of the Windows command interpreter.
COLOR
Sets the default console foreground and background
colors.
COMP
Compares the contents of two files or sets of files.
COMPACT Displays
or alters the compression of files on NTFS partitions.
CONVERT Converts
FAT volumes to NTFS. You
cannot convert the current
drive.
COPY
Copies one or more files to another location.
DATE
Displays or sets the date.
DEL
Deletes one or more files.
DIR
Displays a list of files and subdirectories in a
directory.
DISKPART Displays or
configures Disk Partition properties.
DOSKEY
Edits command lines, recalls Windows commands, and
creates macros.
DRIVERQUERY Displays current
device driver status and properties.
ECHO
Displays messages, or turns command echoing on or off.
ENDLOCAL Ends localization of
environment changes in a batch file.
ERASE
Deletes one or more files.
EXIT
Quits the CMD.EXE program (command interpreter).
FC
Compares two files or sets of files, and displays the differences
between them.
FIND
Searches for a text string in a file or files.
FINDSTR Searches
for strings in files.
FOR
Runs a specified command for each file in a set of files.
FORMAT
Formats a disk for use with Windows.
FSUTIL
Displays or configures the file system properties.
FTYPE
Displays or modifies file types used in file extension associations.
GOTO
Directs the Windows command interpreter to a labeled line
in a batch program.
GPRESULT Displays Group Policy
information for machine or user.
GRAFTABL Enables Windows to
display an extended character set in graphics mode.
HELP
Provides Help information for Windows commands.
ICACLS
Display, modify, backup, or restore ACLs for files and
directories.
IF
Performs conditional processing in batch programs.
LABEL
Creates, changes, or deletes the volume label of a disk.
MD
Creates a directory.
MKDIR
Creates a directory.
MKLINK
Creates Symbolic Links and Hard Links
MODE
Configures a system device.
MORE
Displays output one screen at a time.
MOVE
Moves one or more files from one directory to another directory.
OPENFILES Displays files opened
by remote users for a file share.
PATH
Displays or sets a search path for executable files.
PAUSE
Suspends processing of a batch file and displays a
message.
POPD
Restores the previous value of the current directory
saved by PUSHD.
PRINT
Prints a text file.
PROMPT
Changes the Windows command prompt.
PUSHD
Saves the current directory then changes it.
RD
Removes a directory.
RECOVER Recovers
readable information from a bad or defective disk.
REM
Records comments (remarks) in batch files or CONFIG.SYS.
REN
Renames a file or files.
RENAME
Renames a file or files.
REPLACE Replaces
files.
RMDIR
Removes a directory.
ROBOCOPY Advanced utility to
copy files and directory trees
SET
Displays, sets, or removes Windows environment variables.
SETLOCAL Begins localization
of environment changes in a batch file.
SC
Displays or configures services (background processes).
SCHTASKS Schedules commands
and programs to run on a computer.
SHIFT
Shifts the position of replaceable parameters in batch
files.
SHUTDOWN Allows proper local
or remote shutdown of machine.
SORT
Sorts input.
START
Starts a separate window to run a specified program or
command.
SUBST
Associates a path with a drive letter.
SYSTEMINFO Displays machine
specific properties and configuration.
TASKLIST Displays all
currently running tasks including services.
TASKKILL Kill or stop a
running process or application.
TIME
Displays or sets the system time.
TITLE
Sets the window title for a CMD.EXE session.
TREE
Graphically displays the directory structure of a drive
or path
TYPE
Displays the contents of a text file.
VER
Displays the Windows version.
VERIFY
Tells Windows whether to verify that your files are
written correctly to
a disk.
VOL
Displays a disk volume label and serial number.
XCOPY
Copies files and directory trees.
WMIC Schedules commands
and programs to run on a computer.

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